The West Mamprusi District was created in 1988 under LI 1448 which was later in 2012 replaced with LI 2061 following the creation of the Mamprugu Moagduri District. The district is located within longitudes 0°35’W and 1°45’W and Latitude 9°55’N and 10°35’N. It has a total land size area of 2610.44 sq km and shares boundaries with East Mamprusi and Gushiegu districts to the East, North Gonja, Savelugu and Kumbungu districts to the south, Builsa, Kassena-Nankana East districts and Bolgatanga municipal (Upper East Region) to the north and to the west, Mamprusi Moagduri district.
The District is one of the twenty-six administrative assemblies in the Northern Region of Ghana with Walewale as its capital. Administratively, the district lies within the Northern Region, although it has strong economic and functional linkages with some major settlements in the Upper East Region like Bolgatanga and Fumbisi.
The district is characterized by a single rainy season, which starts in late April with little rainfall, rising to its peak in July-August and declining sharply and coming to a complete halt in October-November. Annual rainfall ranges between 950mm – 1,200mm. Maximum day temperatures are recorded between March-April, while minimum night temperatures are recorded in December-January. The humidity levels between April and October is generally high in the night and falls low during the day.
The West Mamprusi District Assembly has 41Assembly members made up of 31 and 10 elected and government appointees respectively. The District Assembly has legislative, executive and deliberative powers and as such it is responsible for the planning and development of communities under its jurisdiction. The Assembly has a District Chief Executive (DCE) who is appointed by the president as the political and administrative head of the District and assisted by the District Coordinating Director. The administrative wing of the assembly is headed by the District Coordinating Director who has an oversight responsibility over all other Decentralised Departments and Agencies in the District.
Health facilities in the district are few and woefully inadequate. The highest level of health delivery systems in the district is the Walewale District Hospital which serves as a referral centre. There are four (4) other health facilities both private and public. These are the Janga Polyclinic, Kpasenkpe Health Centre, Kparigu PPAG clinic, Mandela & Our Lady of Roccio private clinics in Walewale. Others are CHPS compounds at Gbeo, Nasia, and Guabuliga.
Culture and ethnicity
The West Mamprusi District is largely inhabited by the Mamprusi (75%) who coexist harmoniously with other minor group, such as the Builsa (4.7%), Frafra (2.7%), Kasena (2.2%), the Dagomba (1.8%), and some other ethnic groups in Ghana, (2010 PHC, GSS). The main traditional festivals celebrated in the district are the Bugun (fire festival) and Damba festivals.
The main dominant religions are Islam (79.4%), Christianity (15.6%) and the Traditionalists (3.7%), (GSS, 2010 PHC).
The district abound with unique tourist sites like the local architecture especially a traditional mosque at Wulugu, and the mysterious light on Wungu road.
The traditional mosque was built by an Islamic scholar in Wulugu during the 1980s. Although a mud wall built with simple materials such as gravel and stone without cement, the mosque has withstood natural disasters such floods and storms and remains very strong as though it was built with modern materials such as concrete. The mysterious light on the Wungu road also dates back into history. From a distance, the light appears bright and broad but gets narrow and norrow as you move near it.although inhabitants speculate how the light come to be, no one seems to know as a matter of fact when and how the light came there. There are other sites like the Kpabgu cave which is believed to be housing a lion and python.
All these are potential tourist sites which when explored and developed could bring economic gain to the West Mamprusi District.